Personification in EFL learners’ academic writing: A cognitive linguistic stance

Main Article Content

Sadia Belkhir

Abstrakt

The paper offers a report of a small-scale corpus investigation into some advanced EFL learners’ use of personification in academic writing within a higher education context (Mouloud Mammeri University). Its main objective is to shed light on the extent of the occurrence of this phenomenon in their writings. The question raised is whether the examination of their dissertations would reveal extensive use of personification. Conceptual Metaphor Theory constitutes the theoretical framework featuring in this research. Relying on the Metaphor Identification Procedure (MIP) (Pragglejaz Group 2007), six master’s dissertations are selected for examination, and a quantitative analysis of the identified metaphorically used words is conducted. The results of the study reveal an overwhelming manifestation of personification. These findings may constitute a small contribution to the field of education, as offering useful data to educational practitioners and researchers.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

Jak cytować
Belkhir, S. (2021). Personification in EFL learners’ academic writing: A cognitive linguistic stance. Glottodidactica. An International Journal of Applied Linguistics, 48(2), 7-20. https://doi.org/10.14746/gl.2021.48.2.01
Dział
Artykuły

Bibliografia

  1. Abboud, L. (2021). EFL students’ identification and memorization of metaphorical vocabulary at Mouloud Mammeri University (Unpublished master’s thesis). Tizi-Ouzou: Mouloud Mammeri University, Tizi-Ouzou.
  2. Arab, L. (2021). EFL learners’ attitude towards English idioms and idiom learning strategies at Mouloud Mammeri University of Tizi-Ouzou (Unpublished master’s thesis). Tizi-Ouzou: Mouloud Mammeri University, Tizi-Ouzou.
  3. Barcelona, A. (2003). Metaphor and metonymy at the crossroads: A cognitive perspective. Berlin et al.: Mouton de Gruyter.
  4. Belkhir, S. (2020). Does MIP promote EFL learners’ cognitive ability to identify metaphors in written discourse? In: S. Belkhir (ed.), Cognition and language learning (pp. 43–62). Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.
  5. Boudiaf, H. (2018). Enhancing students’ development of the oral communicative competence through YouTube’s EFL teaching videos: A case study (unpublished master’s thesis). Tizi-Ouzou: Mouloud Mammeri University, Tizi-Ouzou.
  6. Cameron, L. (1999). Identifying and describing metaphor in spoken discourse data. In: L. Cameron / G. Low (eds.), Researching and applying metaphor (pp. 105–132). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  7. Cameron, L. (2003). Metaphor in educational discourse. London et al.: Continuum.
  8. Cameron, L. / Low, G. (eds.) (1999). Researching and applying metaphor. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  9. Charteris-Black, J. (2000). Metaphor and vocabulary teaching in ESP economics. English for Specific Purposes, 19 (2), 149–165.
  10. Charteris-Black, J. / Musolff, A. (2003). ‘Battered hero’ or ‘Innocent victim’? A comparative study of metaphors for euro trading in British and German financial reporting. English for Specific Purposes, 22 (2), 153–176.
  11. Darian, S. (2000). The role of figurative language in introductory science texts. International Journal of Applied Linguistics, 10 (2), 163–186.
  12. Deignan, A. (2005). Metaphor and corpus linguistics. Amsterdam et al.: John Benjamins.
  13. Eubanks, P. (2011). Metaphor and writing. Figurative thought in the discourse of written communication. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  14. Gibbs, R.W. (1994). The poetics of mind: Figurative thought, language and understanding. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  15. Gibbs, R.W. (1996). Why many concepts are metaphorical. Cognition, 61, 309–319.
  16. Gibbs, R.W. (1999). Researching metaphor. In: L. Cameron / G. Low (eds.), Researching and applying metaphor (pp. 29–47). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  17. Giles, T.D. (2008). Motives for metaphor in scientific and technical communication. Amityville: Baywood. Goatly, A. (1997). The language of metaphors. London: Routledge.
  18. Goschler, J. (2007). Is this a metaphor? On the difficult task of identifying metaphors in scientific discourse. Cultura, Lenguaje y Representación / Culture, Language and Representation, 5, 27–41.
  19. Hadj Mohand, A. (2019). The role of implicit and explicit instruction in enhancing students’ pragmatic competence: The case of first year students in the Department of English at Mouloud Mammeri University of Tizi-Ouzou (unpublished master’s thesis). Tizi-Ouzou: Mouloud Mammeri University, Tizi-Ouzou.
  20. Hadjam, K.F. (2021). Analyzing code switching in Algerian multilingual rap song lyrics (unpublished master’s thesis). Tizi-Ouzou: Mouloud Mammeri University, Tizi-Ouzou.
  21. Kövecses, Z. (2002). Metaphor: A practical introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  22. Krennmayr, T. (2017). Metaphor and parts-of-speech. In: E. Semino / Z. Demjén (eds.), The Routledge handbook of metaphor and language (pp. 165–177). London et al.: Routledge.
  23. Lakoff, G. (1993). The contemporary theory of metaphor. In: A. Ortony (ed.), Metaphor and thought (2nd ed.) (pp. 202–251). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  24. Lakoff, G. / Johnson, M. (1980). Metaphors we live by. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  25. Littlemore, J. / Krennmayr, T. / Turner, J. / Turner, S. (2014). An investigation into metaphor use at different levels of second language writing. Applied Linguistics, 35 (2), 117–144.
  26. Low, G. (1999). “This paper thinks…” Investigating the acceptability of the metaphor an Essay Is a PERson. In: L. Cameron / G. Low (eds.), Researching and applying metaphor (pp. 221–248). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  27. Low, G. (2008a). Metaphor and education. In: R. Gibbs (ed.), The Cambridge handbook of metaphor and thought (pp. 212–231). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  28. Low, G. (2008b). Metaphor and positioning in academic book reviews. In: M. Zanotto / L. Cameron / M. Cavalcanti (eds.), Confronting metaphor in use (pp. 79–100). Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
  29. Mebarki, K. (2019). A comparative study of fourth grade middle school English and French textbooks from an intercultural standpoint: The case of ‘On the Move’ and ‘Mon Livre de Français’ (unpublished master’s thesis). Tizi-Ouzou: Mouloud Mammeri University, Tizi-Ouzou.
  30. Musolff, A. / Zinken, J. (eds.) (2009). Metaphor and discourse. Basingstoke et al.: Palgrave Macmillan.
  31. Pragglejaz Group (2007). MIP: A method for identifying metaphorically used words in discourse. Metaphor and Symbol, 22 (1), 1–39.
  32. Pulaczewska, H. (1999). Aspects of metaphor in physics. Tübingen: Max Niemeyer.
  33. Semino, E. (2008). Metaphor in discourse. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  34. Steen, G.J. (1999). Metaphor and discourse. In: L. Cameron / G. Low (eds.), Researching and applying metaphor (pp. 81–104). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  35. Steen, G.J. (2007). Finding metaphor in grammar and usage. Amsterdam et al.: John Benjamins.
  36. Steen, G.J. / Dorst, A.G. / Herrmann Berenike, J. / Kaal, A.A. / Krennmayr, T. / Pasma, T. (2010a). A method for linguistic metaphor identification: From MIP to MIPVU. Amsterdam / Philadelphia: John Benjamins.
  37. Steen, G.J. / Dorst, A.G. / Herrmann Berenike, J. / Kaal, A.A. / Krennmayr, T. (2010b). Metaphor in usage. Cognitive Linguistics, 21 (4), 765–796.