Zusammenspiel zwischen Diskurs und Syntax im Erwerb des Deutschen als Zweitsprache in der Kindheit
PDF (Deutsch)

Słowa kluczowe

German as a second language
null objects

Jak cytować

Sopata, A. (2021). Zusammenspiel zwischen Diskurs und Syntax im Erwerb des Deutschen als Zweitsprache in der Kindheit. Glottodidactica, 48(2), 83–94. https://doi.org/10.14746/gl.2021.48.2.05


The goal of this study is to investigate the interplay of discourse and syntax, as it can be observed in the use of null objects, in the language development of a child who starts to acquire German at the age of nine years in a naturalistic setting. The study shows that children at such an age can profit from the knowledge already acquired in their first language. After nine months of exposure, the child under study uses null objects similarly to monolingual children. The acquisition of null objects in a second language can be impeded at an early stage, however, due to the different syntactic restraints for the use of null objects in the first and second languages.

PDF (Deutsch)


Castilla, A. / Pérez-Leroux, A. (2010). Omissions and substitutions in Spanish object clitics: Developmental optionality as a property of the representational system. Language Acquisition, 17, 2–25.

Clark, E. (1985). The acquisition of Romance, with special reference to French. In: D. Slobin (Hrsg.), The crosslinguistic study of language acquisition: Vol. 1. The data (S. 687–782). Hillsdale NJ: Erlbaum.

Costa, J. / Lobo, M. / Silva, C. (2012). Which category replaces an omitted clitic? The case of European Portuguese. In: P. Larranaga / P. Guijarro-Fuentes (Hrsg.), Pronouns and clitics in early language (S. 105–130). Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

Fukumura, K. / van Gompel, R. (2011). The effects of animacy in the choice of referring expressions. Language and Cognitive Processes, 26 (10), 1472–1504.

Gavarró, A. / Torrens, V. / Wexler, K. (2010). Object clitic omission: two language types. Language Acquisition, 17, 192–219.

Grüter, T. (2006). Object clitics and null objects in the acquisition of French. Montréal: McGill University dissertation.

Gundel, J. / Hedberg, N. / Zacharski, N. (1993). Cognitive status and the form of referring expressions in discourse. Language, 69 (2), 274–307.

Hamann, C. (1996). Null arguments in German child language. Language Acquisition, 5 (3), 155–208.

Hamann, C. / Rizzi, L. / Frauenfelder, U. (1996). On the acquisition of subject and object clitics in French. In: H. Clahsen (Hrsg.), Generative approaches to language acquisition (S. 309–334). Amsterdam: Benjamins.

Holmberg, A. (2005). Is there a little pro? Evidence from Finnish. Linguistic Inquiry, 36, 533–564.

Huang, C.-T.J. (1984). On the distribution and reference of empty pronouns. Linguistic Inquiry, 15, 53–574.

Hughes, M. / Allen, S. (2013). The effect of individual discourse-pragmatic features on referential choice in child English. Journal of Pragmatics, 56, 15–30.

Jakubowicz, C. / Müller, N. / Kang, O. / Riemer, B. / Rigaut, C. (1996). On the acquisition of the pronominal system in French and German. In: A. Springfellow / D. Cahana-Amitay / E. Hughes / A. Zukowski (Hrsg.), Proceedings of the 20th BUCLD (S. 374–385). Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Press.

Jakubowicz, C. / Müller, N. / Riemer, B. / Rigaut, C. (1997). The case of subject and object omissions in French and German. In: E. Hughes / M. Hughes / A. Greenhill (Hrsg.), Proceedings of the 21 Annual Boston University Conference on language development (S. 331–342). Somerville MA: Cascadilla Press.

Kotin, M.L. (2003). Die werden-Perspektive und die werden-Periphrase im Deutschen. Frankfurt a.M.: Peter Lang.

Matthews, D. / Lieven, E. / Theakston, A. / Tomasello, M. (2006). The effect of perceptual availability and prior discourse on young children’s use of referring expressions. Applied Psycholinguistics, 27, 403–422.

Müller, N. / Hulk, A. (2001). Crosslinguistic influence in bilingual language acquisition: Italian and French as recipient languages. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 4, 1–21.

Mykhaylyk, R. / Sopata, A. (2016). Object pronouns, clitics and omissions in child Polish and Ukrainian. Applied Psycholinguistics, 37 (5), 1051–1082.

Pérez-Leroux, A. / Pirvulescu, M. / Roberge, Y. (2008). Null objects in child language: Syntax and the lexicon. Lingua, 118, 370–398.

Sigurðsson, H. (2011). Conditions on argument drop. Linguistic Inquiry, 42, 267–304.

Sopata, A. (2009). Erwerbstheoretische und glottodidaktische Aspekte des frühen Zweitspracherwerbs. Sprachentwicklung der Kinder im natürlichen und schulischen Kontext. Poznań: Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM.

Sopata, A. (2010). Inflectional morphology in child second language acquisition. In: J. Costa / A. Castro / M. Lobo / F. Pratas (Hrsg.), Language acquisition and development. Prodeedings of GALA 2009 (S. 419–429). Cambridge: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.

Sopata, A. (2011). Placement of infinitives in successive child language acquisition. In: E. Rinke / T. Kupisch (Hrsg.), The development of grammar: Language acquisition and diachronic change – Volume in honor of Jürgen M. Meisel (S. 105–121). Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

Sopata, A. (2016). Null objects in adult and child Polish: Syntax, discourse and pragmatics. Lingua 183, 186–106. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lingua.2016.05.007.

Sopata, A. (2017). Referenzielle Nullargumente im Erstspracherwerb. In: E. Żebrowska / M. Olpińska-Szkiełko / M. Latkowska (Hrsg.), Germanistische Forschung in Polen. Gegenstände und Methoden, Formen und Wirkungen (S. 69–80). Warszawa: Stowarzyszenie Germanistów Polskich.

Wexler, K. / Gavarro, A. / Torrens, V. (2004). Feature checking and clitic omission in child Catalan and Spanish. In: R. Bok-Bennema / B. Hollebrandse / B. Kampers-Mahne / P. Sleeman (Hrsg.), Romance language and linguistic theories: Selected papers from Going Romance 2002 (S. 253–269). Amsterdam: Benjamins.