Dystopian and Utopian Omission of Discourse in Three Modern Robinsonades: Lord of the Flies, Concrete Island, The Red Turtle

Main Article Content

Patrick Gill


The story of Robinson Crusoe comes to us in the guise of a first-person narrative based in part on a diary. Successor texts have traditionally adopted the same narrative situation, exploiting it in order to foreground ideas of authorship, textual authority and linguistic dominance. This essay pays particularly close attention to those Robinsonades that have not followed this pattern and have instead opted to omit meta-narration and intradiegetic narrator figures. It considers to what ends this is done in three modern Robinsonades: William Golding’s Lord of the Flies (1954), J. G. Ballard’s Concrete Island (1974), and Michael Dudok de Wit’s animated film The Red Turtle (2016).


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Gill, P. (2019). Dystopian and Utopian Omission of Discourse in Three Modern Robinsonades: Lord of the Flies, Concrete Island, The Red Turtle. Porównania, 25(2), 145-156. https://doi.org/10.14746/por.2019.2.9
Author Biography

Patrick Gill, Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz

Patrick Gill is a senior lecturer at Johannes Gutenberg University in Mainz where he also received his Ph.D. He is the author of Origins and Effects of Poetic Ambiguity in Dylan Thomas’s Collected Poems (2014) and the co-editor of Constructing Coherence in the British Short Story Cycle (2018). He has lectured and published on English poetry, the contemporary novel, and British and American media culture. His ongoing research is into the efficacy of literary form.E-mail: patrick.gill@uni-mainz.de


  1. Ballard, J. G. 1974. Concrete Island. London: Fourth Estate, 2014.
  2. Barrie, J. M. Peter Pan and Other Plays. Ed. Peter Hollindale. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995.
  3. Birdsall, Virginia Ogden. Defoe’s Perpetual Seekers: A Study of the Major Fiction. Lewisburg: Bucknell University Press, 1985.
  4. Defoe, Daniel. 1719. Robinson Crusoe: An Authoritative Text, Contexts, Criticism. Ed. Michael Shinagel. New York: Norton, 1994.
  5. Fallon, Ann Marie. Global Crusoe: Comparative Literature, Postcolonial Theory and Transnational Aesthetics. Farnham: Ashgate, 2011.
  6. Golding, William. 1954. Lord of the Flies. London: Penguin, 1960.
  7. Green, Martin. The Robinson Crusoe Story. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1990.
  8. Kinane, Ian. Theorising Literary Islands: The Island Trope in Contemporary Robinsonade Narratives. London: Rowman and Littlefield, 2017.
  9. Mitchell, Adrian. Man Friday and Mind Your Head. London: Eyre Methuen, 1974.
  10. Orr, Leonard. “The Utopian Disasters of J. G. Ballard”. CLA Journal 43(4) (2000). 479-493.
  11. The Red Turtle. Dir. Michael Dudok de Wit. Culver City: Sony Pictures Home Entertainment, 2017.
  12. Richetti, John. “Defoe as Narrative Innovator.” The Cambridge Companion to Daniel Defoe. Ed. John Richetti. Cambrige: Cambridge UP, 2008. 121-138.
  13. Stevens, Isabel. “Cast Away.” Sight & Sound. July 2016. 35.