Magic Power of the Obscene Language in Womens’ Revena

Main Article Content

Lada Stevanović

Abstract

The theme  of this paper is the magic power of the obscene words and jokes in traditional Serbian culture, on the example of women’s only festival revena in Banat. This ritual represents one day holiday that was celebrated in the beginning of spring, before the Eastern Fast. During revena women gathered for a celebration during which their behavior was completely different than usual, transgressing all the strict  norms that prevailed in everyday reality  of patriarchal  society.  Except for  the  excessive  drinking  and  eating,  women  expressed  their sexuality freely and they spoke about it in the most obscene way. Apart from the verbal part, the ritual of revena had also its performative side. Thus women were proving their female sex by raising the skirt (in the Kumane village), and this act functioned as some kind of pass to enter the revena. During the  holiday, some women were dressed  up as men in order to fulfill the necessary male roles for the sexual games, because no man (except for the musician) was allowed to be present on this holiday. The analysis in this paper, devoted above all to the magic power of the obscene language in the traditional culture, is inscribed into the Bakhtin’s theory of carnival. It is applied here not only to the carnivalesque behavior, but also to the concrete verbal obscene content. These obscenities are inseparable from laughter, so the magic power of laughter (as defined by Veselin  Čajkanović) is also analyzed in this paper, and, apart from appearing in revena, it represented important part of the funeral ritual. 

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Stevanović, L. (2012). Magic Power of the Obscene Language in Womens’ Revena. Poznańskie Studia Slawistyczne, (3), 173–186. https://doi.org/10.14746/pss.2012.3.11
Section
Zaklęcie, zamówienie, zażegnanie. Magiczna moc słów w folklorze słowiańskim

References

  1. http://www.worldmusic.autentik.net/magazin_etnoumlje_br_3.pdf [preuzeto: 19.6.2012].
  2. Asanović S., Revena u Kikindi, „Etnoumlje” god. 2, br. 3, 2008, str. 40–47.
  3. Bahtin M., Stvaralaštvo Fransoa Rablea, narodna kultura srednjeg veka i renesanse, prev. I. Šop, T. Vučković, Beograd 1978.
  4. Burkert W., Creation of the Sacred: tracks of Biology in Early Religions, Harvard 1998.
  5. Burkert W., Greek Religion, New York 1985.
  6. Čajkanović V., Studije iz sprske religije i folklora 1910–1924, Beograd 1994.
  7. Čajkanović V., Studije iz srpske religije i folkora 1925–1942, Beograd 1994.
  8. Čolović I., Dan za mušku finoću. Mitoanaliza jednog praznika, Beograd 1972.
  9. Foley H., The Homeric Hymn to Demeter: Translation, Commentary and Interpretative Essays, Princeton 1994.
  10. Freidenberg O., Poètika sjužeta i žanra, Moskva 1997.
  11. Holst-Warhaft G., Dangerous Voices: Women’s Lament and Greek Literature, Patsdow–Cornwall 1995.
  12. Roganović G., Gajić M., Graña entomuzikološkog terenskog istraživanja u Kikindi, Kikinda 2006 [CD-ROM].
  13. Homer, Odiseja, prev. M.N. Đurić, Novi Sad 1976.
  14. Jovanović B., Tajna lapota, Beograd 1999.
  15. Karanovići Z., Jokić J., Smehovno i erotsko u srpskoj narodnoj kulturi i poeziji, Novi Sad 2009.
  16. Kulišić Š., Petrović P.Ž., Pantelić N., Srpski mitološki rečnik, Beograd 1970.
  17. Loraux N., Mothers in Mourning, Ithaca 1998.
  18. Malešević M., Dan raspusnog življenja u: eadem, Žensko. Etnografski aspekti društvenog položaja žene u Srbiji, Beograd 2007.
  19. Milosavljević M., Revena – običajno-pravno udruživanje ljudi u jelu i piću, Novi Sad 1971.
  20. O’Higgins, Women’s Cultic Joking and Mockeryin Making Silence Speak: Women’s Voices in Greek Literature and Society, ed. by M. Lardinios, L. McClure, Princeton– Oxford 2001.
  21. Plinius, Naturalis Historiae, ed. by K. Friedrich, T. Mazhoff, knj. XXX, Leipzig 1906.
  22. Propp V., Problemy komizma i smeha, Moskva 1999.
  23. Prvanović S., Lapot – običaj ubijanja staraca, u: idem, Timočki zapisi, Zaječar–Timok 1964.
  24. Radenković Lj., Slovenska predanja o ubijanju staraca u kontekstu kulture, Novi Sad 2003.
  25. Skok P., Etimologijski rječnik hrvatskoga ili srpskoga jezika, Zagreb 1971.
  26. Stevanović L., Laughing at the Funeral: Gender and Anthropology in Greek Funerary Rites, Beograd 2009.
  27. Strabo, Geography, transl. H.C. Hamilton, W. Falconer, book X, London–New York 1903.
  28. Tullius Cicero M., For Sextus Roscius of Ameria, ed. by A. Clark, A. Curtis Clark, www.perseus.tufts.edu [preuzeto: 19.6.2012].
  29. Winkler J., The Laughter of the Oppressed: Demeter and the Gardens of Adonis, New York–London 1991.
  30. Zarić B., Revena je ženski svetac pravi, Novi Sad 2001 [CD-ROM].
  31. Zeitlin F., Travesties of Gender and Genre in Aristophanes’ Thesmophoriazousae in Playing the Other, Chicago–London 1996.