Archiving in the Face of Erasure: the Idea of the “Post-German” Archive

Main Article Content

Karolina Ćwiek-Rogalska

Abstract

The article introduces the notion of the “post-German” archive as an idea for further research on the erased cultures of Central Europe. The author questions the hierarchical and top-down structure of the institutionalized archive. Instead, she proposes to understand the “post-German” archive as an inclusive conception. It would incorporate various narratives, languages, and perspectives. In this way, the canonization of given motives can be avoided. The author pays special attention to the responsibility of the researcher. She illustrates the theoretical framework with examples from Polish and Czech archival practices.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Ćwiek-Rogalska, K. (2021). Archiving in the Face of Erasure: the Idea of the “Post-German” Archive. Poznańskie Studia Slawistyczne, (19), 77-100. https://doi.org/10.14746/pss.2020.19.3
Section
Archive as a Practice

References

  1. Adjemian, B., Suciyan, T. (2017). Making Space and Community through Memory: Orphans and Armenian Jerusalem in the Nubar Library’s Photographic Archive. “Etudes Arméniennes Contemporaines” pp. 75–113. https://doi.org/10.4000/eac.1129.
  2. Agamben, G. (1999). Remnants of Auschwitz: The Witness and the Archive. Trans. D. Heller-Roazan. New York: Zone Books.
  3. Ather, Z. (2019). Archiving and Embodying the Disappeared. In: Resisting Disappearance: Military Occupation & Women’s Activism in Kashmir. Seattle: Washington University Press, pp. 146–196.
  4. Bellamy, E. J. (2004). ‘Laboratories’ Against Holocaust Denial – Or, the Limits of Postmodern Theory. “Parallax” 10 (1), pp. 88–99. https://doi.org/10.1080/1353464032000171127.
  5. Burke, P. (1997). Varieties of cultural history. New York: Cornell University Press.
  6. Caswell, M. (2016). ‘The Archive’ Is Not an Archives: On Acknowledging the Intellectual Contributions of Archival Studies. “Reconstruction” 16 (1). https://escholarship.org/content/qt7bn4v1fk/qt7bn4v1fk.pdf. 6.10.2020.
  7. Cook, T. (2011). The Archive(s) Is a Foreign Country: Historians, Archivists, and the Changing Archival Landscape. “The American Archivist” 74, pp. 600–632. https://doi.org/10.17723/aarc.74.2.xm04573740262424.
  8. Ćwiek-Rogalska, K. (2018). Pamięć w słowach – o nieadekwatności pojęć (przypadek czesko-polsko-niemiecki). “Acta Baltico Slavica” 42, pp. 8–24. https://doi.org/10.11649/abs.2018.004.
  9. Danowski, D., Viveiros de Castro, E. (2017). The Ends of the World. Cambridge: Polity Press.
  10. Davis, R. (2007). Mapping the Past, Re-creating the Homeland. Memories of village places in pre-1948 Palestine. In: Nakba: Palestine, 1948, and the Claims of Memory. New York: Columbia University Press, pp. 53–76.
  11. Derrida, J. (1995). Archive Fever: A Freudian Impression. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. https://doi.org/10.2307/465144.
  12. Derrida, J. (2012). Specters of Marx. London: Taylor & Francis. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203821619.
  13. Dunn, E. C. (2018). No path home: Humanitarian camps and the grief of displacement. New York: Cornell University Press. https://doi.org/10.7591/9781501712517-011.
  14. Enwezor, O. (2008). Archive Fever: Uses of the Document in Contemporary Art [Exhibition Catalogue]. New York: International Center of Photography.
  15. Erll, A. (2005). Kollektives Gedächtnis und Erinnerungskulturen. Eine Einführung. Stuttgart: J. B. Metzler. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-476-05007-6.
  16. Faehndrich, J. (2003). Erinnerungskultur und Umgang mit Vertreibung in Heimatbüchern deutschsprachiger Vertriebener. “Zeitschrift Für Ostmitteleuropa-Forschung/Journal of East Central European Studies” 52 (2), pp. 191–229.
  17. Farge, A. (2015). The Allure of the Archives. New Haven–London: Yale University Press.
  18. Franzen, K. E. (2008). Die Akteure des Vertreibungsdiskurses in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. In: Das Thema Vertreibung und die deutsch-polnischen Beziehungen in Forschung, Unterricht und Politik. Hrsg. T. Strobel, R. Maier, Hannover: GeorgEckert-Institut für Internationale Schulbuchforschung, pp. 61–66.
  19. Fraser, C., Todd, Z. (2016, February 15). Decolonial Sensibilities: Indigenous Research and Engaging with Archives in Contemporary Colonial Canada. “Internationale Online”. https://www.internationaleonline.org/research/decolonising_practices/54_decolonial_sensibilities_indigenous_research_and_engaging_with_archives_in_contemporary_colonial_canada/. 10.06.2020.
  20. Ghaddar, J., Caswell, M. (2019). “To go beyond”: Towards a decolonial archival praxis. “Archival Science” 19 (2), pp. 71–85. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10502-019-09311-1. 23.10.2019.
  21. Gilloch, G. (2002). Walter Benjamin: Critical Constellations. Cambridge: Polity Press.
  22. Głowacka-Grajper, M. (2016). Transmisja pamięci: Działacze ‘sfery pamięci’ i przekaz o Kresach Wschodnich we współczesnej Polsce. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Warszawskiego. https://doi.org/10.31338/uw.9788323525950.
  23. Hafsa, K. (2018). “Protest” Photography in Kashmir: Between Resistance and Resilience. “Women’s Studies Quarterly” 46 (3 & 4), pp. 85–99.
  24. Hahn, H. H., Traba, R. (2017). O czym (nie) opowiadają polsko-niemieckie miejsca pamięci. In: Wyobrażenia przeszłości. Polsko-niemieckie miejsca pamięci. Red. H. H. Hahn, R. Traba, K. Kończal, M. M. Górny, Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe Scholar, pp. 11–45.
  25. Halicka, B. (2015). Polski dziki zachód. Przymusowe migracje i kulturowe oswajanie Nadodrza 1945–1948. Kraków: Universitas.
  26. Hall, C. (2000). Introduction: Thinking the Postcolonial, Thinking the Empire. In: Cultures of Empire. A Reader: Colonizers in Britain and the Empire in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries. Ed. C. Hall. New York: Routledge.
  27. Hammer, J. (2001). Homeland Palestine: Lost in the Catastrophe of 1948 and Recreated in Memories and Art. In: Crisis and Memory in Islamic Societies: Proceedings of the Third Summer Academy of the Working Group Modernity and Islam Held at the Orient Institute of the German Oriental Society in Beirut. Eds. A. Neuwirth, A. Pflitsch. Würzburg: Ergon Verlag, pp. 453–481.
  28. Harris, M. (1976). History and Significance of the emic/etic Distinction. “Annual Review of Anthropology” 5 (1), pp. 329–350. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.an.05.100176.001553. 6.06.2020.
  29. Hastrup, K. (1997). Przedstawienie przeszłości: Uwagi na temat mitu i historii. Trans. S. Sikora. “Konteksty: Polska Sztuka Ludowa: Antropologia Kultury, Etnografia, Sztuka” 51 (1–2 [236–237]), pp. 22–28.
  30. Hayles, K. N. (2003). Translating Media: Why We Should Rethink Textuality. “Yale Journal of Criticism” 16 (2), pp. 263–290. https://doi.org/10.1353/yale.2003.0018.
  31. Jedlowski, P. (2001). Memory and Sociology: Themes and Issues. “Time & Society” 10 (1), pp. 29–44. https://doi.org/10.1177/0961463X01010001002.
  32. Junaid, M. (2018). Epitaphs as Counterhistories: Martyrdom, Commemoration, and the Work of Graveyards in Kashmir. In: Resisting Occupation in Kashmir. Eds H. Duschinski, M. Bhan, Z. Ather, C. Mahmood, Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, pp. 248–277. https://doi.org/10.9783/9780812294965-010.
  33. Keenan, T.(2018). Getting the dead to tell me what happened: Justice, Prosopopoeia, and Forensic Afterlives. “Kronos” 44 (1). https://doi.org/10.17159/2309-9585/2018/v44a7. 24.02.2019.
  34. Ketelaar, E. (2001). Tacit Narratives: The Meaning of Archives. “Archival Science” 1 (2), pp. 131–141. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02435644.
  35. Kobyliński, Z., Rutkowska, G. (2005). Propagandist use of history and archaeology in justification of Polish rights to the “Recovered Territories” after World War II. “Archaeologia Polona” 43, pp. 51–124.
  36. Kracauer, S. (1995). History: The Last Things Before the Last. Princeton: Markus Wiener Publishing.
  37. Linek, B. (1997). “Odniemczanie” województwa śląskiego w latach 1945–1950: W świetle materiałów wojewódzkich. Opole: Instytut Śląski.
  38. Liulevicius, V. G. (2010). The German Myth of the East: 1800 to the Present. Oxford: Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546312.001.0001.
  39. Macura, V. (1995). Znamení zrodu: České národní obrození jako kulturní typ. Jinočany: H&H.
  40. Maksudyan, N. (2009). Walls of Silence: Translating the Armenian Genocide into Turkish and Self-Censorship. “Critique: Journal of Socialist Theory” 37 (4), pp. 635–649. https://doi.org/10.1080/03017600903205781. 26.11.2019.
  41. Manoff, M. (2004). Theories of the Archive from Across the Disciplines. “Portal: Libraries and the Academy” 4 (1), pp. 9–25. https://doi.org/10.1353/pla.2004.0015.
  42. Manoff, M. (2006). The materiality of digital collections: Theoretical and historical perspectives. “Portal: Libraries and the Academy” 6 (3), pp. 311–325. https://doi.org/10.1353/pla.2006.0042.
  43. Mbembe, A. (2020). Decolonizing Knowledge and Question of the Archive. Africa Is a Country. https://africaisacountry.atavist.com/decolonizing-knowledge-and-thequestion-of-the-archive. 23.01.2020.
  44. Meng, M. (2011). Shattered Spaces: Encountering Jewish Ruins in Postwar Germany and Poland. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
  45. Michałowska, M. (2012). Foto-teksty: Związki fotografii z narracją. Poznań: Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza.
  46. Mitterauer, M. (1991). Lebensgeschichten sammeln: Probleme um Aufbau und Auswertung einer Dokumentation zur popularen Autobiographik. In: Biographieforschung. Gesammelte Aufsätze der Tagung des Fränkischen Freilandmuseums am 12. Und 13. Oktober 1990. Hrsg. H. Heidrich. Bad Windsheim: Verlag Fränkisches Freilandmuseum, pp. 17–35.
  47. Mufti, A. R. (1998). Auerbach in Istanbul: Edward Said, Secular Criticism, and the Question of Minority Culture. “Critical Inquiry” 25 (1), pp. 95–125. https://doi.org/10.1086/448910.
  48. Nassar, I. (2009). Photography as Source Material for Jerusalem’s Social History. In: Transformed Landscapes: Essays on Palestine and the Middle East in Honor of Walid Khalidi. Eds. C. Mansour, L. Fawaz. Cairo: American University in Cairo Press, pp. 137–158. https://doi.org/10.5743/cairo/9789774162473.003.0007.
  49. Nosková, J. (ed.). (2016). ‘Proč to vyprávím?’: První polovina 20. Století v písemných vzpomínkách německých obyvatel Brna / ‘Warum erzähle ich das?’; die erste Hälfte des 20. Jahrhunderts in schriftlichen Erinnerungen deutscher Bewohner Brünns. Trans. I. Kratochvílová, D. Sedlák Čevelová, V. Losseff. Praha: Etnologický ústav AV ČR, v.v.i. Praha – pracoviště Brno.
  50. Osuri, G. (2018). Reflections on witnessing with the Association of Parents of Disappeared Persons, Kashmir. “Feminist Review” 119 (1), pp. 144–153. https://doi.org/10.1057/s41305-018-0110-2. 1.06.2020.
  51. Perry, A. (2005). The Colonial Archive on Trial: Possession, Dispossession, and History in Delgamuukw v. British Columbia. In: Archive Stories: Facts, Fictions, and the Writing of History. Ed. A. Burton. Durham: Duke University Press, pp. 325–350. https://doi.org/10.1215/9780822387046-015.
  52. Pike, K. L. (1966). Etic and emic standpoints for the description of behavior. In: Communication and culture. Ed. A. G. Smith. New York: Holt, Reinhart & Winston.
  53. Praczyk, M. (2018). Pamięć środowiskowa we wspomnieniach osadników na „Ziemiach Odzyskanych”. Poznań: Instytut Historii UAM.
  54. Reale, G. (1997). Toward a new interpretation of Plato. Trans. J. Catan, R. Davis. Washington: The Catholic University of America Press.
  55. Sa’di, A. H., & Abu-Lughod, L. (2007). Introduction. In: Nakba: Palestine, 1948, and the Claims of Memory. New York: Columbia University Press, pp. 1–26.
  56. Service, H. (2013). Germans to Poles: Communism, nationalism and ethnic cleansing after the Second World War. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139088336.
  57. Sleiman, H., Chebaro, K. (2018). Narrating Palestine: The Palestinian Oral History Archive Project. “Journal of Palestine Studies” 47 (2), pp. 63–76. https://doi.org/10.1525/jps.2018.47.2.63. 3.10.2019.
  58. Spurný, M. (2011). Nejsou jako my: Česká společnost a menšiny v pohraničí (1945–1960). Praha: Antikomplex.
  59. Steedman, C. (2001). Dust: The Archive and Cultural History. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press.
  60. Stoler, A. L. (2009). Along the archival grain: Epistemic anxieties and colonial common sense. Princeton: Princeton University Press. https://doi.org/10.1515/9781400835478.
  61. Świder, M. (2001). Die sogenannte Entgermanisierung im Oppelner Schlesien in den Jahren 1945–1950. Lauf: Europaforum-Verlag.
  62. Tachjian, V. (2017). Daily Life in the Abyss: Genocide Diaries, 1915–1918. New York: Berghahn Books. https://doi.org/10.2307/j.ctvw04f4m.
  63. Tomczak, M. (2006). Obraz osadników w prasie i publicystyce polskiej. In: Ziemie Odzyskane 1945–2005. Ziemie Zachodnie i Północne. 60 lat w granicach państwa polskiego. Red. A. Sakson. Poznań: Instytut Zachodni, pp. 45–58.
  64. Trouillot, M.-R. (1995). Silencing the past: Power and the production of history. Boston: Beacon Press.
  65. Uhl, H. (2008). Der gegenwärtige Ort von „Flucht und Vertreibung“ im deutschen und österreichischen Gedächtnisdiskurs. In: Diskurse über Zwangsmigrationen in Zentraleuropa. Geschichtspolitik, Fachdebatten, literarisches und lokales Erinnern seit 1989. Hrsg. P. Haslinger, K. E. Franzen, M. Schulze-Wessel. München: Oldenbourg, pp. 157–174.
  66. Weizman, Y. (2017). Unsettled possession: The question of ownership of Jewish sites in Poland after the Holocaust from a local perspective. “Jewish Culture and History” 18 (1), pp. 34–53. https://doi.org/10.1080/1462169X.2016.1267853.10.08.2020.
  67. Władyniak, L. M. (2019). Memory in the borderland. A study of collective memory in the former East Prussia region of Poland and the Sudetes in the Czech Republic. Prague: Charles University.
  68. Wolf, P. (1999). Settler colonialism and the transformation of anthropology. London: Cassell.
  69. Wolfreys, J. (2001). Victorian hauntings: Spectrality, gothic, the uncanny and literature. London: Macmillan International Higher Education.
  70. Young, J. E. (1987). Interpreting Literary Testimony: A Preface to Rereading Holocaust Diaries and Memoirs. “New Literary History” 18 (2), 403. https://doi.org/10.2307/468737. 1.06.2020.