Love Animal: Animal Motifs in Croatian Early Renaissance Love Poetry

Main Article Content

Tomislav Bogdan
Snježana Husić
Borna Treska

Abstract

Animal motifs were very popular in medieval bestiaries and love poetry, especially in Provençal and Petrarchan poetry. Afterwards they spread throughout European Renaissance love poetry and they are found in love poems by Šiško Menčetić (1457–1527) and Džore Držić (1461–1501), the very first Croatian Renaissance poets. This paper examines some of the animal motifs present in their poems, in order to establish whether they could provide a better understanding of the luralism of Croatian Renaissance love poetry, which cannot be reduced to Petrarchism alone, and of the extraliterary context to which certain animal motifs are related. Our research shows that e.g. motifs of snakes and birds are linked to various types of love discourse; animal motifs related to the topos of love hunt are also analysed. It is shown that animal motifs are potentially polysemous and that their usage follows conventions of the genre and norms of a particular type of love discourse with which they are associated, while their meaning is more precisely definedin the context of the poem.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Bogdan, T., Husić, S., & Treska, B. (2021). Love Animal: Animal Motifs in Croatian Early Renaissance Love Poetry. Poznańskie Studia Slawistyczne, (21), 99-112. https://doi.org/10.14746/pss.2021.21.5
Section
Studia animalia: the image of animals in literature
Author Biographies

Tomislav Bogdan, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Zagreb

Full professor at Department of Croatian Studies, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Zagreb. His areas of research include Early Modern Croatian literature, Old Croatian and European lyric poetry and theory of lyric. In the past twenty years he has published several dozens of studies on these topics. He edited several book-length studies and editions of Early Modern Croatian authors. He authored three monographs: Lica ljubavi. Status lirskog subjekta u kanconijeru Džore Držića, Zagreb, 2003; Ljubavi razlike. Tekstualni subjekt u hrvatskoj ljubavnoj lirici 15. i 16. stoljeća, Zagreb, 2012; Prva svitlos. Studije o hrvatskoj renesansnoj književnosti, Zagreb, 2017.

Snježana Husić, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Zagreb

After a degree in Comparative Literature and Italian Studies at University of Zagreb, she attended a three-year postgraduate course at Scuola Normale Superiore, Pisa. She discussed her doctoral thesis on Animal Figures in Italian Literature of Middle Ages at University of Zagreb in 2008. With Tatjana Peruško, she coauthored an anthology of contemporary Italian short story Animalije, Zagreb, 2001. She translates from Italian and English, and has won two annual awards of the Croatian Literary Translators’ Association. She teaches Italian Literature and Literary Translation at Department of Italian Studies, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Zagreb.

Borna Treska, Scuola Normale Superiore, Pisa

Graduated in Italian and Croatian Studies at the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences (University of Zagreb) in 2020. He is enrolled in the doctoral programme in Italianistics and Modern Philology at the Scuola Normale Superiore of Pisa, with a PhD thesis on sixteenth-century songbooks in Italian written by Croatian authors from Dubrovnik and Dalmatia. His primary scientific interests concern relations between Medieval and Early Modern Croatian and Italian literature and the sixteenthcentury love poetry. Since 2021, as a member of the research team, he takes part in project “Premodern Croatian Literature in European Culture: Contacts and Transfers” (Croatian Science Foundation)

References

  1. Baxter, R. (1998). Bestiaries and Their Users in the Middle Ages. Stroud: Sutton.
  2. Bergman, Ch. (2011). A Spectacle of Beasts: Hunting Rituals and Animal Rights in Early Modern England. U: A Cultural History of Animals in the Renaissance. Ed. B. Boehrer, Oxford–New York: Berg, str. 53–74.
  3. Boehrer, B. (2011). Introduction: The Animal Renaissance. U: A Cultural History of Animals in the Renaissance. Ed. B. Boehrer. Oxford–New York: Berg, str. 1–26.
  4. Bogdan, T. (2006). Pluralnost hrvatske ljubavne lirike 15. i 16. stoljeća. U: Čovjek, prostor, vrijeme. Književnoantropološke studije iz hrvatske književnosti. Ur. Ž. Benčić, D. Fališevac. Zagreb: Disput, str. 57–80.
  5. Bogdan, T. (2012). Ljubavi razlike. Tekstualni subjekt u hrvatskoj ljubavnoj lirici 15. i 16. stoljeća. Zagreb: Disput.
  6. Cavalcanti, G. (2011). Rime. Prir. R. Rea, G. Inglese. Rim: Carocci. Curtius, E. R. (1971). Evropska književnost i latinsko srednjovjekovlje. Prev. S. Markuš. Zagreb: Matica hrvatska.
  7. Držić, Dž. (1965). Pjesni ljuvene. Prir. J. Hamm. Zagreb: JAZU.
  8. Guinizzelli, G. (2002). Rime. Prir. L. Rossi. Torino: Einaudi.
  9. Hassig, D. (1997). Marginal Bestiaries. U: Animals and the Symbolic in Mediaeval Art and Literature. Ed. L. A. J. R. Houwen, Groningen: Egbert Forsten, str. 171–188.
  10. Treska Husić, S. (2008). Životinjske figure u talijanskoj književnosti srednjega vijeka. [Doktorska disertacija]. Zagreb: Sveučilište u Zagrebu.
  11. Kreković, P. (1908). Najstarija hrvatska lirika. „Nastavni vjesnik” br. XVI, str. 241– 259, 329–339, 401–411, 481–489.
  12. Kurtović, E. (2011). Iz historije sokolarstva u dubrovačkom zaleđu u srednjem vijeku (Uzgoj ptica za lov i lov pticama). „Društvo za proučavanje srednjovjekovne bosanske historije. Posebna izdanja” br. 1, sv. 1, str. 1–18.
  13. Menčetić, Š. (1937). Pjesme Šiška Menčetića i Ǵore Držića, i ostale pjesme Rańinina zbornika. Prir. M. Rešetar, Zagreb: JAZU.
  14. Morini, L. (1996). Bestiari medievali. Torino: Einaudi. Pederin, I. (1977). Životinje i cvijeće kao stilska sredstva hrvatskih „začinjavaca”. U: Pederin, I. „Začinjavci”, štioci i pregaoci. Vlastite snage i njemačke pobude u hrvatskoj književnosti. Zagreb: Nakladni zavod Matice hrvatske, str. 19–63.
  15. Šundalić, Z., Pepić, I. (2012). Malahne životinje u starijoj hrvatskoj književnosti. U: Književna životinja. Kulturni bestijarij, d. II. Ur. S. Marjanić, A. Zaradija-Kiš, Zagreb: Institut za etnologiju i folkloristiku, str. 467–493.
  16. Tebaldeo, A. (1992). Rime estravaganti. Prir. J.-J. Marchand. Modena: Panini. Torbarina, J. (1931). Italian Influence on the Poets of the Ragusan Republic. London: Williams&Norgate Ltd.
  17. Zambon, F. (2001). L’alfabeto simbolico degli animali. Rim: Carocci.
  18. Zambon, F. (2018). Bestiari tardoantichi e medievali: i testi fondamentali della zoologia sacra cristiana. Milano: Bompian