Polish Nonword Span (PNWSPAN): A new tool for measuring phonological loop capacity

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Adriana Biedroń


The phonological loop, which is a component of working memory, is considered to be one of the most significant factors affecting L1 and L2 learning. In order to measure this construct properly, a reliable instrument in the native language of the participants is needed. The purpose of this paper is to present the Polish Nonword Span PNWSPAN, which is a tool constructed to measure verbal working memory, in particular the phonological loop, in the case of adults. The article presents the theoretical framework of the study and the process of construction of the test, namely its structure, scoring and validation procedure.


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Biedroń, A. (2019). Polish Nonword Span (PNWSPAN): A new tool for measuring phonological loop capacity. Glottodidactica. An International Journal of Applied Linguistics, 45(2). Pobrano z https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/gl/article/view/13724
Biogram autora

Adriana Biedroń, Akademia Pomorska w Słupsku, Instytut Neofilologii

Adriana Biedroń is Professor of English at the Faculty of Philology, Pomeranian University in Słupsk, Poland, and the Faculty of Philology, Koszalin University of Technology, Koszalin, Poland. She received her doctoral and postdoctoral degrees in applied linguistics from Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, Poland. Her main areas of interest are SLA theory and research, individual differences in SLA, in particular, foreign language aptitude, working memory, intelligence, personality factors and linguistic giftedness. Her recent publications include “Foreign Language Aptitude: Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow” (co-authored with Edward Wen and Peter Skehan, 2016, Language Teaching) and “New Conceptualizations of Linguistic Giftedness” (co-authored with Mirosław Pawlak, 2016, Language Teaching).


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