Aspekte des Sprecherwechsels in Dialogen polnischer und deutscher Jugendlicher. Dargestellt am Beispiel einer Konkurrenzaufgabe

Main Article Content

Miłosz Woźniak

Abstrakt

The aim of this paper is to discuss the role of turn-taking in dialogs of Polish and German schoolchildren aged from 13 to 15 years. The paper begins by describing the project and briefly viewing the most relevant definitions (e. g. turn, backchannels, segments). The next section presents the notation system and the methods. The samples were selected from the BORDERLAND data bank and, in total, they included nine pairs and over 1,000 segments. On this basis, it can be concluded that turn-taking in uniform pairs (Polish-Polish and German-German) is more defensive, and that the interlocutors tend to use more segments. There might also be a slight tendency for Polish speakers to interrupt their interlocutors more frequently. The findings, based on our samples, also suggest that speaking a foreign language (as we can notice in the German-Polish pairs) usually means less competitive speaking, as well as fewer segments and turn-takings

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

Jak cytować
Woźniak, M. (2020). Aspekte des Sprecherwechsels in Dialogen polnischer und deutscher Jugendlicher. Dargestellt am Beispiel einer Konkurrenzaufgabe. Glottodidactica. An International Journal of Applied Linguistics, 47(1), 177-192. https://doi.org/10.14746/gl.2020.47.1.10
Dział
Artykuły

Bibliografia

  1. Auer, P. / Selting, M. (2001). Der Beitrag der Prosodie zur Gesprächsorganisation. In: K. Brinker et al. (Hrsg.). Text- und Gesprächslinguistik. HSK 16.2. (S. 1122–1131). Berlin / New York: de Gruyter.
  2. Brinker, K. / Sager, S. (2010). Linguistische Gesprächsanalyse. Eine Einführung. Berlin: Erich Schmidt Verlag.
  3. Couper-Kuhlen, E. / Selting, M. (2018). Interanctional linguistics. Studying language in social interaction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  4. Gravano, A. / Hirschberg, J. (2010). Turn-taking cues in task-oriented dialogue. Computer Speech and Language, 25 (2011), 601–634. DOI:10.1016 / j.csl.2010.10.003.
  5. Henne, H. / Rehbock, H. (2001). Einführung in die Gesprächsanalyse. 4. durchgesehene und bibliographisch ergänzte Auflage. Berlin / New York: de Gruyter.
  6. Karpiński, M. (2006). Struktura i intonacja polskiego dialogu zadaniowego. Poznań: Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM.
  7. Karpiński, M. / Czoska, A. / Jarmołowicz-Nowikow, E. / Juszczyk, K. / Klessa, K. (2018). Aspects of gestural alignment in task-oriented dialogues. Cognitive Studies / Études cognitives, 18. https://doi.org/10.11649/cs.1640 [Zugriff am: 1.08.2019].
  8. Karpiński, M. / Klessa, K. (2018). Methods, tools and techniques for multimodal analysis of accommodation in intercultural communication. Computational Methods in Science and Technology, 24 (1), 29–41.
  9. Klessa, K. (2016). Annotation Pro. Enhancing analyses of linguistic and paralinguistic features in speech. Poznań: Wydział Neofilologii Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu.
  10. Klessa, K. / Karpiński, M. / Wagner, A. (2013). Annotation Pro – a new software tool for annotation of linguistic and paralinguistic features. In: D. Hirst / B. Bigi (Hrsg.). Proceedings of the tools and resources for the analysis of speech prosody (TRASP) workshop (S. 51–54). Aix-en-Provence Labratoire: Parole et Langage.
  11. Levinson, S. (2016). Turn-taking in human communication – origins and implications for language processing. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, January 2016, Vol. 20, No. 1, 6–14. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tics.2015.10.010 [Zugriff am: 31.08.2019].
  12. Mroczynski, R. (2014). Gesprächslinguistik. Eine Einführung. Tübingen: Narr.
  13. Rath, R. (2001). Gesprächsschritt und Höreraktivitäten. In: K. Brinker / G. Antos / W. Heinemann / S. F. Sager (Hrsg.). Text- und Gesprächslinguistik. HSK 16.2. (S. 1213–1226). Berlin / New York: de Gruyter.
  14. Sacks, H. / Schegloff, E. / Jefferson, G. (1974). A simplest systematics for the organization of turntaking for conversation. Language, 50, 696–735.
  15. Schmitt, R. (2005). Zur multimodalen Struktur von Turn-taking. Gesprächsforschung, 6, 17–61. www.gespraechsforschung.ozs.de [Zugriff am: 31.08.2019].
  16. Selting, M. (1996). On the interplay of syntax and prosody in the constitution of turn-constructional units and turns in conversation. Pragmatics, 6, 3, 357–388.
  17. Selting, M. (2000). The construction of units in conversational talk. Language in Society, 29 (4), 477–517. https://www.jstor.org/stable/4169050 [Zugriff am: 31.08.2019].
  18. Wittenburg, P. / Brugman, H. / Russel, A. / Klassmann, A. / Sloetjes, H. (2006). ELAN: A professional framework for multimodality research. In: N. Calzolari / K. Choukri / A. Gangemi / B. Maegaard / J. Mariani / J. Odijk / D. Tapias (Hrsg.). Proceedings of the 5th Language Resources and Evaluation Conference (S. 1556–1559). Genoa: ELRA.